Centralization vs. decentralization: the evolution of power in design through two centuries
A lecture by Smári McCarthy Information activist held in collaboration with The Iceland Design Center, Reykjavik Art Museum and The Art Academy. Questions about centralized and decentralized control, flow of power and self-determination are increasingly becoming more central to any debate. In this talk, the ideas of people who promote centralization like Le Corbusier, Vladimir Lenin, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Stewart Baker and Steve Jobs will be compared and contrasted with the ideas of decentralization proponents such as James C. Scott, Peter Kropotkin, Adrian Bowyer, Phillip Zimmerman and Richard Stallman.
The talk will attempt to give answers to how decisions relating to design, architecture and masterplanning can provide the public with both more power and greater control over themselves and their environment. Ultimately, it will attempt to reveal if a decentralized community is inherently more resilient and sustainable than centralized communities.
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